The Challenges of Treating Groundwater in Southern Florida -This article presents four case studies to demonstrate challenges faced by utilities in South Florida on their path to compliance with the requirements of the final Ground Water Rule (GWR) and Florida Administrative Code (FAC) 62-550.828. Case studies include the city of Fort Lauderdale’s Peele-Dixie Water Treatment Plant, the city of Hallandale Beach Water Treatment Plant, the city of Plantation East and Central Water Treatment Plants, and the city of Naples Water Treatment Plant.
Broward County Water Treatment Information -The Florida peninsula is made mostly of limestone. Limestone is a carbonate rock made up of the fossilized and calcified remains of oceanic organisms. It is generally a porous material with interconnected cavities.
General Water Resources
Chromium-6, a metal famous by Erin Brockovich, was found in water at levels at or above 0.02 parts per billion in 90 percent of 60,000 water samples the EPA had tested.
Chloride Found at Levels that Can Harm Aquatic Life in Urban Streams of the Northern U.S.–Winter Deicing a Major Source September 16, 2009 – Recent study released to determine the causes of excess chloride in water tables in the North. The abstract states, “Use of salt for deicing roads and parking lots in the winter is a major source of chloride. Other sources include wastewater treatment, septic systems, and farming operations.” Apparently softener salt is such a minor contributor that it’s not even mentioned in the abstract. However on page 12 (page 22 of the PDF) of the study they state: “In 2005, salt for water treatment represented 3.1 percent of salt use in the United States (Kostick and others, 2007).” Makes you wonder why California didn’t conduct a similar study or take this into account before banning water softeners in certain counties.
Toxic Waters Interactive September 12, 2009 – An interactive website based on the “Toxic Waters” article by the New York Times that helps you find Clean Water Act violations in your local area.
AP Investigation: Pharmaceuticals in Drinking Water regularly – An ongoing investigation conducted by the Associated Press concerning pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other drugs found in drinking water supplies throughout the US. The first article calling this into concern was done around March 2009 and dozens of follow-up articles have been written since.
Water Wise Guy weekly – A Culligan dealer who is always gathering water information to keep you up-to-date on the latest water news.
Water structure and science periodically – All you’ve ever wanted to know about the composition, physics, and science behind water.
Are there harmful effects of water softener discharges on household septic tanks? 2009 – A discussion by the Water Quality Association on the effects of water softeners on septic tanks.
Medicated Bath Products to Blame for Worsening Water Pollution March 25, 2010 – For the first time, a study unveiled at the National Meeting of the American Chemical Society points out that a major source of active pharmaceutical ingredients in water comes from bathing, showering, and laundering. According to Dr. Ilene Ruhoy, “lotions, creams, gels and skin patches are to blame for a significant amount of the APIs in ground water.”
Studies Reveal Why Drinking Water Wells are Vulnerable to Contamination February 11, 2010 – A new groundwater study performed by the US Geological Survey explains what, when, and how contaminants may reach public-supply wells. They studied aquifers in Florida, California, Nebraska, and Connecticut. According to the study, “More than 100 million people in the United States receive their drinking water from public groundwater systems, which can be vulnerable to naturally occurring contaminants such as radon, uranium, arsenic, and man-made compounds, including fertilizers, septic-tank leachate, solvents and gasoline hydrocarbons.”
Convoy of Hope and Culligan Team Up to Bring Drinkable Water to Haiti January 27, 2010 – Culligan is donating 3 water purification systems that can produce up to 15,000 gallons of drinking water per day to the Convoy of Hope to help survivors of the devastating Haiti earthquakes. Culligan has already sent 250,000 bottles of drinking water that were on the ground within days of the earthquake. “These water purification systems will help save lives,” said Hal Donaldson, founder and president, Convoy of Hope.
That Tap Water is Legal, but May Be Unhealthy December 16, 2009 – The NY Times continues to investigate 35 year old drinking water standards and laws that regulate 91 contaminants when the EPA estimates there are nearly 60,000 chemicals in use in the United States. The article points out, “scientists have scrutinized thousands of those chemicals in recent decades, and identified hundreds associated with a risk of cancer and other diseases at small concentrations in drinking water, according to an analysis of government records by The New York Times.”
Millions in US drink dirty water, records show December 7, 2009 – According to the opening paragraph of the article, “More than 20 percent of the nation’s water treatment systems have violated key provisions of the Safe Drinking Water Act over the last five years, according to a New York Times analysis of federal data.”
Cocaine, Spices, Hormones Found in Drinking Water November 12, 2009 – Unexpected “ingredients” are finding there way into water all over the world, however this study reviews the ongoing water chemistry in the Pugent Sound. They’ve noted that the types of spices vary depending on the time of year and have even tracked a spike in vanilla and chocolate in the water on weekends.
Comfort Food: Chocolate, water reduce pain response to heat October 14, 2009 – Interesting study that demonstrates that rats respond more slowly to pain when eating a chocolate chip or sugar water. The novel part of the study is that the same delayed response to pain occurred when the rats had regular water infused into their mouths. Therefore suggesting that the calories in “comfort food” are not what provide the comfort as there are no calories in water.
Toxic Waters September 12, 2009 – An in-depth study national study performed by the New York Times where they claim that 1 in 10 Americans drinks contaminated water. The study suggests that people on well water are particularly susceptible however municipal supplies have had over 500,000 EPA violations since 2004.
Rural well water linked to Parkinson’s August 5, 2009 – this is the synopsis taken directly from the Environmental Health News website: “Rural residents who drink water from private wells are much more likely to have Parkinson’s disease, a finding that bolsters theories that farm pesticides may be partially to blame, according to a new study. The risk to people in California’s Central Valley was 90 percent higher for those who had private wells near fields sprayed with certain insecticides. People with the incurable neurological disease were more likely to have consumed private well water, and had consumed it on average 4.3 years longer, UCLA scientists reported. Unlike municipal water supplies, private wells are largely unregulated and are not monitored for contaminants.”
Chicago water: In public reports, city silent over sex hormones and painkillers found in treated drinking water July 14, 2009 – Just another instance of pharmaceuticals showing up in public drinking water supplies. The most cost-effective way to treat this is still treating the drinking water at the Point of Use. This can be done in homes with a Culligan RO or in businesses with a Bottle-Free® Cooler.
Magnetic, Saltless, Salt-Free, and other Water Treatment Alternatives
Water-related pseudoscience, fantasy, and quackery Updated regularly – A website developed by a retired faculty member of the Dept of Chemistry, Simon Fraser University Burnaby / Vancouver, Canada to expose all the “myths” of water softening and treatment.
Any guidance on the EasyWater product for treating hard water? – an online forum discussing the claims and benefits of the EasyWater magnetic water conditioner advertised nationally including on Sean Hannity’s radio show.
Yes or No to EasyWater water softener by Frieje – online forum discussing the lack of science and proof behind EasyWater and even the “Scalewatcher” by AquaGenesis.
Plastic bottles pile up as mountains of waste March 2005 – The effects of bottled water on the environment.
*Contaminants may not be in your water.